Water History


Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System


Shushtar is a city in the capital of Shushtar County which is located in Khuzestan Province, Iran. Shushtar is an ancient fortress city.


   Much of its past agricultural productivity derives from its unique irrigation system which centered on the Band-e Kaiser, the first dam bridge in Iran.


In the Elamite times Shushtar was known as Adamdun. In the Achaemenian times its name was Šurkutir. The modern name, Shushtar, is connected with the name of another ancient city, Susa or Shush and means "greater or better than Shush."


Shushtar, Historical Hydraulic System, inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. It involved the creation of two main diversion canals on the river Karun one of which, Gargar canal, is still in use providing water to the city of Shushtar via a series of tunnels that supply water to mills. It forms a spectacular cliff from which water cascades into a downstream basin. It then enters the plain situated south of the city where it has enabled the planting of orchards and farming over an area of 40,000 ha Known as Mianab (Paradise). The property has an ensemble of remarkable sites including the Salâsel Castel, the operation center of the entire hydraulic system, the tower where the water level is measured, damns, bridges, basins and mills.


Shushtar hydraulic system is also named as the first dam bridge in Iran enabling fish farming, mils, transport, defense system, etc. 





The approximately 500 m long overflow dam over the Karun, Iran's most effluent river, was the core structure of the Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, a large irrigation complex from which Shushtar derived its agricultural productivity, and which has been designated World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 2009.The dam bridge fell out of use in the late 19th century.




Energy History


Persian Ancient Religion (Mithraism)


Before ancient religious reformer Zarathustra (Greek name Zoroaster) gained influence in the region during the 6th century bce, the Iranians had a polytheistic religion, and Mithra was the most important of their gods. First of all, he was the god of contract and mutual obligation. In a cuneiform tablet of the 15th century bce that contains a treaty between the Hittites and the Mitanni, Mithra is invoked as the god of oath. Furthermore, in some Indian Vedic texts the god Mitra (the Indian form of Mithra) appears both as “friend” and as “contract” The word mitra may be translated in either way, because contracts and mutual obligation make friends. In short, Mithra may signify any kind of interpersonal communication and whatever establishes good relations between people. Mithra was called the Mediator. Mithra was also the god of the sun, of the shining light that beholds everything, and, hence, was invoked in oaths. The Greeks and Romans considered Mithra as a sun god. He was probably also the god of kings. He was the god of mutual obligation between the king and his warriors and, hence, the god of war. He was also the god of justice, which was guaranteed by the king. Whenever people observed justice and contract, they venerated Mithra.




Getting inspired from Persian ancient civilization (Mithraism) which deems the Sun as a sacred source of divinity and power, today science also proved it to be the origin of all powers on the globe, We believe the strength of the wind, the power of water, the irradiation of the sun, along with breakthrough technology can change the world into a better place. Combining all transformations in the energy sector require new ways of consideration about the power generation.


Sadrab Sanat by inspiring from Iranian's unique years of civilization and knowledge attempts to maintain Iranian's ancient engineering culture such as Shushtar hydraulic system which today is known as a piece of art. That's why Perfection is all we desire.



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